Probiotic foods as functional foods for modulating obesity

Palabras clave: obesidad, alimentos funcionales, alimentos probióticos, microbiota intestinal, eje intestino-cerebro

Resumen

Introducción: La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial que involucra muchos factores internos y externos que causan la muerte de al menos 2.8 millones de personas cada año de acuerdo con la Oganización Mundial de la Salud. Por tanto, surge la necesidad de encontrar tratamientos más nobles. Los alimentos probióticos se clasifican como alimentos funcionales por su aporte nutricional. Objetivo: Describir el impacto de los alimentos probióticos en el tratamiento de la obesidad. Metodología:Se llevó a cabo una revisión de 61 estudios de diferentes bases de datos. Resultados: Se sabe que los probióticos tienen varios mecanismos de acción que afectan de manera beneficiosa a la microbiota intestinal para mantener la homoeostasis en todo el organismo. Se conoce la relación entre estos microorganismos y el control y modulación del peso corporal de una persona. Conclusión: Los efectos benéficos de los probióticos son específicos de la cepa y pueden impactar a la obesidad a través dediferentes mecanismos de acción como disminución de la grasa abdominal, cambios en biomarcadores inflamatorios, restauración de la microbiota y reducción de los niveles de triglicéridos séricos.

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Publicado
2021-08-06
Cómo citar
Gallegos-Inzunza, B., Prado-Ramírez, J., & Romo-Araiza, A. (2021). Probiotic foods as functional foods for modulating obesity. Proceedings of Scientific Research Universidad Anáhuac, 1(2), 46-57. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36105/psrua.2021v1n2.05
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